Journal of Medical Research and Health Sciences <p>Journal<strong> of Medical Research and Health Sciences</strong> aims to improve health status and quality of care for individuals, families and communities. The Health Science Journal (Print ISSN : 2589-9023, Online ISSN: 2589-9031) aspires to provide the scientific knowledge through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality, scientific papers and other material on all topics related to Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Health engineering, Epidemiology, Genetics, Nursing, Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Public health, Psychology, Physical therapy, and Medicine ensuring a rapid turn-around time possible for reviewing and publishing of articles freely for research, teaching and reference purposes.</p> <p><strong>Volume 5 Issue 01, January 2022 </strong></p> <p><strong>Submission Open: 25-12-2021 - 25-01-2022 for January issue 2022 <br /></strong></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p> </p> en-US Wed, 01 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0400 OJS 60 Frequency of Type II Diabetes Mellitus in ST Segment Elevated MI patients presented to French Medical Institute for Mothers and Children: A Cross Section Study <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="color: #0e101a;">Background:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US" style="color: #0e101a;">&nbsp;A significant risk of atherosclerosis is diabetes mellitus which ultimately induces cardiovascular disease, mainly affecting coronary arteries. Patients with diabetes have a risk for coronary events similar to those without diabetes who have already had an event, and conversely, many patients with established coronary artery disease have diabetes or pre-diabetes. The study looks at the frequency of diabetes mellitus in patients presenting with the acute coronary syndrome in the French Medical Institute.&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="color: #0e101a;">Methods:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US" style="color: #0e101a;">&nbsp;A cross-sectional study design was utilized to conduct this study. Three hundred twenty-one individuals with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) were screened and presented to the Department of Cardiology of the French Medical Institute for Mothers and Children in Kabul, Afghanistan, from January 1, 2019, to December 30, 2019. All patients of any gender with ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) were included in the study and presented to our setting during the study period. Data were collected retrospectively from the patients' medical record files and then analyzed by logistic regression to look for results.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: #0e101a;">&nbsp;<strong>Results:</strong>&nbsp;Three hundred twenty-one patients were included in the study, 250 (78%) were males, and 71 (22%) were females. The mean age of the study participants was 57.5 years. The frequency of diabetes mellitus was 26%. There is a strong association between Killip classes and diabetic status (p-value=&lt;0.04). Hypertension and heart failure were not significantly associated with diabetes in STEMI patients.&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="color: #0e101a;">Conclusion:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US" style="color: #0e101a;">&nbsp;The frequency of diabetes mellitus in this study was significant as one out of every four patients with the acute coronary syndrome was diabetic.&nbsp;</span></p> Dr. Ihsanullah Darmal,, Ahmad Khan, Dr. Sher Ahmad, Ambreen Gowani Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Medical Research and Health Sciences Sun, 05 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0400 The difficulties experienced by patients with low back pain in France: a mixed methods study <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Introduction: </strong>Low back pain is a major public health concern. Institutions now advocate physical activity and the use of a multidisciplinary approach without specifying its modalities. The aim of this study was to identify the difficulties encountered by patients with chronic, subacute, or recurrent low back pain, in order to define the therapeutic actions to be taken accordingly.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Methods:</strong> This is a mixed methods study composed of two quantitative surveys elaborated in France with 117 patients and a qualitative survey based on semi-directed interviews with 4 experts in the field.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Results:</strong> Numerous problems inherent to low back pain were identified: pain, functional disabilities, anxiety, feelings of stigmatization, work-related difficulties, sleep disturbance, perplexity with the health care system, de-socialization, disruption of sexual life, and decreased self-esteem.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusions:</strong> In response to the multiple domains affected by this pathology, numerous therapeutic actions can be proposed jointly by an interdisciplinary team focused on the patient, such as physical activity, cognitive-behavioral therapies, psychological and socio-professional support, and an adapted pharmacological treatment. Some approaches, such as diet and sleep, are showing interesting results but need to be studied further. Patients should be offered an early adapted support to avoid the passage to chronicity.</p> Mathieu Berthelot, Annick Rieker, Jorge César Correia Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Medical Research and Health Sciences Fri, 10 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0400 In the Pandemic Crisis we Must Understand How Placebo Works <p>This is a real case. Many years ago, in a Pandemic much worse than the present one, called black plaque, a young scientist was the first to report at the Austrian Academy of Sciences that he had found what causes the plaque – a small organism, which he called “virus”. He showed a small bottle with insulated viruses and said this amount would be enough to kill the whole population of the city of Vienne.&nbsp; No one of the white-headed Academician believed him. One of them stepped forward and saying: “Young man you are talking nonsense and I am going to prove it”, he took the small bottle and swallowed the whole content. The young man was horrified, he saw in his mind the Academician lying on the floor in convulsions, but nothing like this happened. The Academician walked triumphantly to his seat. Now, when we know that viruses exist, how we can explain something like this. The Academician was so convinced that nothing would happen that indeed nothing happened.</p> Prof. Maria Kuman Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 20 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0400 The Global Warming and the Microwave Warming <p>.</p> Prof. Maria Kuman Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 20 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0400