Effect of Social Skill Training on Verbal Communication Ability in Schizophrenic Patients in Madani Regional Public Hospital of Palu
Patients with schizophrenia tend to withdraw on a social basis. In conditions or situations that trigger the emergence of symptoms of schizophrenia also affects verbal communication. The provision of social skills training is one of the interventions with behavior modification techniques that are based on the principles of role playing, practice and feedback to improve a patient's ability to solve communication problems. This SST therapy has never been done at Madani Hospital in Palu, the usual therapy is activity group therapy (AGT). The purpose of this study is to know the effectiveness of Social Skill Training on verbal communication skills in schizophrenic patients.
This type of research is an experimental study with a randomized pretest posttest control group design. The sample was 14 people divided into 2 groups, each group consisting of 7 people. The first group was treated with SST and the second group was done AGT. The test used to see the effect of SST and AGT on verbal communication skills by using the Paired T Test and N Gain test to determine the magnitude of the change category. To see the effectiveness of SST using the Independent T test.
The results of the Paired T test on the effect of SST on verbal communication skills obtained a mean difference of -21.8, the value of p = 0.00 (p <0.05), the value of N Gain was 0.31 (medium category). The effect of AGT on verbal communication skills was a mean difference of -13.7, p = 0.00 (p <0.05), value of N Gain 0.2 (light category). The Independent T Test results mean SST = 52.4, the mean AGT = 44.7. Value p = 0.001 (p <0.05).
The conclusion of this study is that SST and AGT have an effect on verbal communication skills, SST is included in the medium category, AGT is included in the mild category. SST is more effective in improving verbal communication skills than AGT. It is recommended that nurses from the Madani Hospital in Palu be able to apply SST to schizophrenic patients as one of the mental health treatments for schizophrenic patients to improve verbal communication independently.